Spirit, as translated from ru’ahh in the Hebrew and pneu’ma in the Greek: The simplest or elementary meanings of both original words are to describe something wind-like, that is, something that is not visible but which nevertheless produces visible or perceptible results. Both are drawn from root verbs meaning “to breathe” or “to blow”. “Spirit” as used in the Bible has at least seven different senses or applications of meaning to describe something wind-like, viz., as applying to (1) Jehovah God, (2) Christ Jesus, (3) angels, (4) life force, (5) mental disposition, (6) inspired expression and (7) active force of God. This variety of applications is possible in that all are wind-like, all are invisible to the human eye and yet all produce effects that are visible, as the elementary meaning of the original words indicates.

1. Jehovah God, the Unseen, In­visible Spirit, Source of Visible Created Things

John 4:24 “God is a Spirit, and those worshiping Him must wor­ship with spirit and truth.”

2 Corinthians 3:17, 18 “Now Jehovah is the Spirit; and where the spirit of Jehovah is, there is freedom. And all of us, while we with un­veiled faces reflect like mirrors the glory of Jehovah, are trans­formed into the same image from glory to glory, exactly as done by Jehovah the Spirit.”

2. Christ Jesus as Spirit, the Ex­press Image of God, Divine, Immortal, Unseen

1 Corinthians 15:45 “It is even so written: ‘The first man Adam be­came a living soul.’ The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.”

1 Timothy 3:16 “Indeed, the sa­cred secret of this godly devotion is admittedly great: ‘He was made manifest in flesh, was de­clared righteous in spirit, ap­peared to angels, was preached about among nations, was believed upon in the world, was received up in glory.’ “

1 Peter 3:18 “Christ died once for all time concerning sins, a righteous person for unrighteous ones, that He might lead you to God, He being put to death in the flesh, but being made alive in the spirit.”

3. Angels, Celestial Creatures, Higher and Mightier than Men

1 Kings 22:21, 22 “And there came forth a spirit, and stood before Jehovah, and said, I will entice him. And Jehovah said unto him, How? And he said, I will go forth, and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And He said, You shall entice him, and shall pre­vail also: go forth, and do so.”

Isaiah 31:3 “Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit: and when Jehovah shall stretch out His hand, both he that helps shall stumble, and he that is helped shall fall, and they all shall be consumed together.”

Hebrews 1:7, 14 “Also with ref­erence to the angels He says: ‘And He makes His angels spirits, and His public servants a flame of fire.’ Are they not all spirits for public service, sent forth to minister for those who are going to inherit salvation?”

Psalm 104:4 “He makes winds His angels, and flames of fire His servants.”

Though invisible, able to pro­duce visible results

Job 4:15 “Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up.”

Zechariah 6:5 “And the angel an­swered and said to me, These are the four winds [“spirits”] of heaven, which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth.”

Luke 24:37-38 “But they were terrified, and because they be­came frightened they were im­agining they beheld a spirit. So He said to them: ‘Why are you troubled … ? See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; feel Me and see, because a spirit does not have flesh and bones just as you behold that I have.’ “

See also: Genesis 18:1-8; 19:1-3.

Refers also to wicked, rebellious angels

1 Samuel 28:7, 8 “Then Saul said to his servants, Seek me a woman that has a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and inquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that has a familiar spirit at En-dor. And Saul… came to the woman by night: and he said, Divine unto me, I pray you, by the familiar spirit, and bring me up whomsoever I shall name to you.”

Matthew 8:16 “But after it be­came evening, people brought Him many demon-possessed per­sons; and He expelled the spirits with a word, and He cured all who were ailing.”

Ephesians 6:12 “We have a fight, not against blood and flesh, but against the governments, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the wicked spirit forces in the heavenly places.”

1 Peter 3:19, 20 “In this state also He went His way and preached to the spirits in pris­on, which had once been disobe­dient when the patience of God was waiting in Noah’s days.”

4. Life Force, in Earthly Crea­tures, the “Principle of Life” Sustained by Breathing

Job 27:3, 4 “(For my life is yet whole in me, and the spirit [iru’ahh, Hebrew] of God is in my nostrils); surely my lips shall not speak unrighteousness, nei­ther shall my tongue utter de­ceit.”

Genesis 7:22 “All in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, of all that was on the dry land, died.”

Zechariah 12:1 “Thus says Jeho­vah, who stretches forth the heavens, and lays the founda­tion of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him.”

Numbers 18:22 “And they fell up­on their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and will You be angry with all the congrega­tion?”

Numbers 27:16 “Let Jehovah, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the congre­gation.”

James 2:26 “As the body without breath [“spirit”] is dead, so also faith without works is dead.”

Life energy vital to a living soul; life force invisible but ani­mation visible, produces intelligence

Psalm 31:5 “Into Your hand I com­mend my spirit: You have re­deemed me, O Jehovah, You God of truth.”

Psalm 76:12 “He will cut off the spirit of princes: He is terrible to the kings of the earth.”

Psalm 146:4 “His breath [ru’ahh, Hebrew] goes forth, he returns to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.”

Ecclesiastes 3:19-21 “For that which befalls the sons of men befalls beasts; even one thing befalls them: as the one dies, so dies the other; yea, they have all one breath [“spirit”] ; and man has no pre­eminence above the beasts: for all is vanity. All go to one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again. Who knows the spirit of man whether it goes upward, and the spirit of the beast, whether it goes downward to the earth?”

Ecclesiastes 12:7 “And the dust re­turns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.”

Luke 23:46 “And Jesus called with a loud voice and said: ‘Fa­ther, into Your hands I entrust My spirit.’ “

Matthew 27:50 “And Jesus cried again with a loud voice, and gave up His spirit.”

James 2:26 “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.”

Revelation 11:11 “And after the three days and a half the spirit of life from God came into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon those beholding them.”

5. Mental Disposition, the Atti­tude of One’s Mind, Frame of Mind, Temper; Source Hidden but Impelling Visible Effects

Psalm 34:18 “Jehovah is near ­to them that are of a broken heart, and saves such as are of a contrite spirit.”

Ecclesiastes 7:8, 9 “Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof; and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit. Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry; for anger rests in the bosom of fools.”

Exodus 6:9 “And Moses said these words to the children of Israel, but they gave no attention to him, because of the grief of their spirit and the cruel weight of their work.”

Judges 9:23 “And God sent an evil spirit between Abimeiech and the men of Shechem; and the men of Shechem dealt treach­erously with Abimelech.”

Ecclesiastes 10:4 “If the spirit of the ruler rises up against you, leave not your place; for gentleness allays great offences.”

Proverbs 14:29 “He that is slow to anger is of great understand­ing; but he that is hasty of spirit exalts folly.”

Proverbs 17:27, 28 “He that spares his words has knowledge; and he that is of a cool spirit is a man of understanding. Even a fool, when he holds his peace, is counted wise.”

Proverbs 25:28 “He whose spirit is without restraint is like a city that is broken down and without walls.”

Proverbs 29:11 “A fool utters all his anger [“spirit”]’, but a wise man keeps it back and stills it.”

Genesis 41:8 “And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; . . . and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.”

Matthew 26:41 “Keep on the watch and praying, that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit, of course, is willing, but the flesh is weak.”

1 Corinthians 2:11 “For who among men knows the things of a man except the spirit of man that is in him? So, too, no one has come to know the things of God, ex­cept the Spirit of God.”

Isaiah 57:15  “For thus says the high and exalted One who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also who is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.”

Malachi 2:15  “Did He not make one, although He had the residue of the Spirit? Why one? He sought a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit.”

Romans 12:11 “Not lagging in diligence; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord.”

See also: 1 Samuel 16:14-16, 23; Isaiah 66:2.

6. Inspired Expression, a Per­ceptible Message or an Utter­ance Originating with God or with Satan, Invisible Sources

1 Timothy 4:1 “However, the in­spired utterance [“spirit”] says definitely that in later periods of time some will fall away from the faith, paying at­tention to misleading inspired ut­terances [“misleading spirits”] and teachings of de­mons.”

2 Thessalonians 2:1, 2 “We request of you not to be quickly shaken from your reason nor to be ex­cited either through an inspired expression [“through a spirit”] or through a verbal message or through a letter as though from us, to the effect that the day of Jehovah is here.”

1 John 4:1-3 “Beloved ones, do not believe every inspired ex­pression [“every spirit”], but test the inspired expressions [“test the spirits”] to see whether they originate with God, because many false proph­ets have gone forth into the world. You gain the knowledge of the inspired expression [“the spirit”] from God by this: Every inspired expression [“every spirit”] that confesses Jesus Christ as having come in the flesh originates with God, but every inspired expres­sion [“every spirit”] that does not confess Jesus does not originate with God.”

Revelation 16:14 “They are, in fact, expressions inspired by [“in fact, spirits of”] demons and perform signs, and they go forth to the kings of the entire in­habited earth, to gather them together to the war of the great day of God the Almighty.”

Revelation 22:6, 17 “And he said to me: ‘These words are trustworthy and true; yes, Jehovah the God of the inspired expressions [“of the spirits”] of the prophets sent His angel forth to show His slaves the things that must shortly take place. And the spirit [“the inspired utterance”] and the bride keep on saying, ‘Come!’ And let anyone hearing say, ‘Come!’ And let anyone thirsting come; let any­one that wishes take life’s water free.”

1 Corinthians 12:8-10 “For example, to one there is given through the spirit speech of wisdom,… to another discernment of inspired utterances [“of spirits”].”

7. Active Force

Jehovah’s invisible energizing force (greater than atomic en­ergy) that produces visible re­sults in many manifestations ex­perienced by men

Creation. Visible manifestation of God’s handiwork through in­visible active force in their formation

Genesis 1:2 “And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the spirit of God moved up­on the face of the waters.”

Job 33:4 “The spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.”

Psalm 104:30 “You send forth Your spirit, they are created; and You renew the face of the ground.”

Isaiah 40:12, 13 “Who has meas­ured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and compre­hended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance? Who has directed the spirit of Jehovah, or being His counselor has taught Him?”

Miracles. Supernatural feats or mighty deeds visibly manifested but performed or brought about by invisible active force

Matthew 1:18, 20 “Now Jesus Christ was born this way. During the time His mother Mary was promised in marriage to Joseph, she was found to be pregnant by holy spirit before they were united. But after he [Joseph] had thought these things over, look! Jehovah’s angel appeared to him in a dream, saying: ‘Jo­seph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary your wife home, for that which has been begotten in her is by holy spirit.’ “

Matthew 12:28 “But if it is by means of God’s spirit that I ex­pel the demons, the kingdom of God has really come upon you.”

Romans 8:11 “If, now, the spirit of Him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead will also make your mortal bodies alive through His spirit that resides in you.”

Romans 15:18, 19 “For I will not venture to tell one thing if it is not of those things which Christ worked through me for the nations to be obedient, by my word and deed, with the power of signs and wonders, with the power of holy spirit.”

1 Corinthians 12:7-10 “But the mani­festation of the spirit is given to each one for a beneficial pur­pose. For example, to one there is given through the spirit speech of wisdom… to yet another operations of powerful works [“of miracles”].”

Galatians 3:5 “He, therefore, who supplies you the spirit and per­forms powerful works [“performs miracles”] among you, does he do it owing to works of law or owing to obedient hearing by faith?”

Galatians 4:29 “But just as then the one born in the manner of flesh began persecuting the one born in the manner of the spirit, so also now.”

Demonstrations of God’s power. Manifestations of visible feats of superiority in overcoming enemies and exploits of vin­dication through God’s active force

Judges 3:10 “And the spirit of Jehovah came upon him, and he judged Israel; and he went out to war, and Jehovah de­livered Cushan-Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand: and his hand prevailed against Cushan-Rishathaim.”

Judges 6:34 “But the spirit of Jehovah came upon Gideon; and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered together after him.’

Judges 14:6, 19 “And the spirit of Jehovah came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid; and he had nothing in his hand: … And the spirit of Jehovah came might­ily upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and smote thirty-men of them, and took their spoil, and gave the changes of raiment unto them that declared the riddle.”

Judges 15:14, 15 “When he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted as they met him: and the spirit of Jehovah came mightily upon him, and the ropes that were upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands dropped from off his hands. And he found a fresh jawbone of an ass, and put forth his hand, and took it, and smote a thousand men therewith.”

Isaiah 63:11, 12 “Then he remem­bered the days of old, Moses and his people, saying, Where is He that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is He that put His holy spirit in the midst of them? that caused His glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses? that divided the waters before them, to make Himself an ever­lasting name?”

Judges 11:29, 33 “Then the spirit of Jehovah came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead and Manasseh, and passed over… unto the children of Ammon. And he smote them … with a very great slaughter.”

Inspiration (“breathing up­on”). Visible manifestations where servants of God have been moved by invisible active force to write, speak or perform on behalf of God (pertaining to matters then current, not future)

Exodus 31:3 “And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship.”

1 Chronicles 28:11, 12 “Then Da­vid gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch of the temple, and of the houses there­of, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper rooms thereof, and of the inner chambers there­of, and of the place of the mercy-seat; and the pattern of all that he had by the spirit.”

2 Kings 2:14-16 “And he took the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and smote the waters, and said, Where is Jehovah, the God of Elijah? and when he also had smitten the waters, they were di­vided hither and thither; and Elisha went over. And when the sons of the prophets who were at Jericho on the opposite side saw him, they said, The spirit of Elijah does rest on Elisha.”

Isaiah 11:2 “And the spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understand­ing, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Jehovah.”

Luke 1:41, 42 “Well, as Eliza­beth heard the greeting of Mary, the infant in her womb leaped, and Elizabeth was filled with holy spirit, and she called out loudly and said: ‘Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!’ “

Nehemiah 9:20 “You gave also Your good spirit to instruct them, and withheld not Your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.”

Prophesying. Visible manifesta­tion where future events are foretold by men moved by God’s invisible active force

Numbers 11:25, 26 “And Jehovah came down in the cloud, and spoke unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and put it upon the seventy el­ders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, but they did so no more. But there remained two men in the camp… and the spirit rested upon them; and they were of them that were written, but had not gone out to the Tent; and they proph­esied in the camp.”

Nehemiah 9:30 “Yet many years did You bear with them, and testified against them by Your spirit through the prophets: yet would they not give ear: there­fore You gave them into the hand of the peoples of the lands.”

Luke 1:67 “And Zechariah its father was filled with holy spirit, and he prophesied, saying.”

Ezekiel 11:5 “And the spirit of Jehovah fell upon me, and He said to me, Speak, Thus says Jehovah.”

Acts 1:18 “Men, brothers, it was necessary for the scripture to be fulfilled which the holy spirit spoke beforehand by David’s mouth about Judas.”

Acts 2:16, 17 “This is what was said through the prophet Joel, ‘And in the last days,’ God says, ‘I shall pour some of My spirit out upon every kind of flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy.’ “

Acts 21:10, 11 “But while we were remaining quite a number of days, a certain prophet named Agabus came down from Judea and he came to us and took up the girdle of Paul, bound his own feet and hands and said: ‘Thus says the holy spirit, “The man to whom this girdle belongs the Jews will bind in this manner in Jerusalem and deliver into the hands of people of the na­tions.” ‘ “

1 Corinthians 12:8-10 “For example, to one there is given through the spirit speech of wisdom… to another prophesying.”

2 Peter 1:20, 21 “For you know this first, that no prophecy of Scripture springs from any pri­vate release [“comes out of pri­vate disclosure”]. For prophecy was at no time brought by man’s will, but men spoke from God as they were borne along by holy spirit.”

Zechariah 7:12 “Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which Jehovah of hosts had sent by His spirit by the former prophets: therefore there came great anger from Je­hovah of hosts.”

Numbers 24:2, 3  “And lifting up his eyes, he saw Israel there, with their tents in the order of their tribes: and the spirit of God came on him. And moved by the spirit, he said, These are the words of Balaam.”

1 Samuel 10:10  “And when they came to Gibeah, a band of prophets came face to face with him; and the spirit of God came on him with power and he took his place among them as a prophet.”

Revelation 19:10  “And he said to me, See you do it not: I am a brother-servant with you and with your brothers who keep the witness of Jesus: give worship to God: for the witness of Jesus is the spirit of the prophet’s word.”

Tongues. Visible manifestation where men are moved by God’s invisible active force to speak in a foreign language to edify

Acts 2:4 “And they all became filled with holy spirit and started to speak with different tongues, just as the spirit was granting them to make utterance.”

Acts 10:44, 46 “While Peter was yet speaking about these matters the holy spirit fell upon all those hearing the word. For they heard them speaking with tongues and glorifying God.”

Acts 19:6 “And when Paul laid his hands upon them, the holy spirit came upon them, and they began speaking with tongues.”

1 Corinthians 12:8-10 “For example, to one there is given through the spirit speech of wisdom,… to another different tongues.”

Interpretation. Visible manifes­tation where men borne along by God’s invisible active force to make clear the meaning of dreams and prophecies

Genesis 41:25, 38, 39 “And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, The dream of Pharaoh is one: what God is about to do He has declared unto Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find such a one as this, a man in whom the spirit of God is? And Pharaoh said to Joseph, For­asmuch as God has showed you all this, there is none so dis­creet and wise as you.”

Daniel 4:18 “This dream I, king Nebuchadnezzar, have seen; and you, O Belteshazzar [Daniel], declare the interpretation, foras­much as all the wise men of my kingdom are not able to make known to me the interpreta­tion; but you art able; for the spirit of the holy gods is in you.”

Daniel 5:12 “An excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understand­ing, interpreting of dreams, and showing of dark sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar.”

1 Corinthians 2:10 “For it is to us God has revealed them through His spirit, for the spirit searches into all things, even the deep things of God.”

Ephesians 1:17 “That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the accurate knowledge of Him.”

Ephesians 3:5 “In other generations this secret was not made known to the sons of men as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets by spirit.”

1 Peter 1:18-12 “The prophets … kept on investigating what par­ticular season or what kind of season the spirit in them was in­dicating concerning Christ when it was bearing witness before­hand about the sufferings for Christ and about the glories to follow these. It was revealed to them that, not to themselves, but to you, they were ministering the things which have now been an­nounced to you through those who have declared the good news to you with holy spirit sent forth from heaven.”

Testimony, the Word of God. The Sacred Scriptures, perceptible manifestations of the sacred pronouncements of God through His invisible active force

Proverbs 1:23 “Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit upon you; I will make known my words unto you.”

Isaiah 59:21 “And as for Me, this is My covenant with them, says Jehovah: My spirit that is upon you, and My words which I have put in your mouth, shall not depart out of your mouth.”

John 6:63 “It is the spirit that is life-giving; the flesh is of no use at all. The sayings that I have spoken to you are spirit and are life.”

Romans 8:16, 26 “The spirit it­self bears witness with our spirit that we are God’s children. In like manner the spirit also joins in with help for our weakness; for the problem of what we should pray for as we need to we do not know, but the spirit it­self pleads for us with groanings unuttered.”

1 Corinthians 2:10, 13 “For it is to us God has revealed them through His spirit, for the spirit searches into all things, even the deep things of God. These things we also speak, not with words taught by human wisdom, but with those taught by the spirit, as we combine spiritual matters with spiritual words.”

Ephesians 6:17 “Also accept the hel­met of salvation, and the sword of the spirit, that is, God’s Word.”

Acts 1:16 “Men, brothers, it was necessary for the scripture to be fulfilled which the holy spirit spoke beforehand by Da­vid’s mouth about Judas.”

Hebrews 10:15-17 “Moreover, the holy spirit also bears witness to us, for after it has said,… it says afterwards.”

Helper [“paraclete,” Greek; “help­er”]. The invisible active force visibly manifesting itself as help­er, guide, advocate and com­forter of the congregation as an organizational whole, in addition to aid by angels

Mark 13:11 “But when they are leading you along to deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand about what to speak, but what­ever is given you in that hour, speak this, for you are not the ones speaking, but the holy spirit is.”

John 14:16, 17, 26 “And I will request the Father and He will give you another helper to be with you forever, the spirit of the truth, which the world cannot receive, because it neither be­holds it nor knows it. You know it, because it remains with you and is in you.”

John 15:26, 27 “When the help­er arrives that I will send you from the Father, the spirit of the truth which proceeds from the Father, that one will bear wit­ness about Me, and you, in turn, are to bear witness, because you have been with Me from when I began.”

John 16:7-15 “For if I do not go away, the helper will by no means come to you; but if I do go My way, I will send him to you. And when that one arrives he will give the world convincing evidence concerning sin and con­cerning righteousness and con­cerning judgment: … he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak of his own im­pulse, but what things he hears he will speak, and he will de­clare to you the things coming. That one will glorify Me, because he will receive from what is Mine and will declare it to you.”

Acts 20:28 “Pay attention to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the holy spirit has appointed you overseers, to shep­herd the congregation of God.”

Begetting. Manifestation of evi­dence to a member of the body of Christ that he has been born again of water and spirit as a new creature. Active force im­plants the incorruptible seed which gives hope of life in spirit

Matthew 3:16, 17 “After being baptized Jesus immediately came up from the water; and, look! the heavens were opened up, and He saw descending like a dove God’s spirit coming upon Him. Look! also, there was a voice from the heavens that said: ‘This is My Son, the beloved, whom I have approved.’ “

John 3:3-8 “In answer Jesus said to him: ‘Most truly I say to you, Unless anyone is born again, he cannot see the king­dom of God.’ Nicodemus said to Him: ‘How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter into the womb of his mother a second time and be born, can he?’ Jesus answered: ‘Most truly I say to you, Unless anyone is born from water and spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. What has been born from the flesh is flesh, and what has been born from the spirit is spirit. Do not marvel because I told you, You people must be born again. The wind [pneu’ma, Greek, elsewhere translated “spirit”] blows where it wants to, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from and where it is going. So is everyone that has been born from the spirit.’ “

Baptism. The invisible active force giving manifestation that one has been baptized into the body of Christ, thus sharing jointly with all members regard­less of differing offices

Matthew 3:11 “I, on the one hand, baptize you with water because of your repentance; but the one coming after me is stronger than I am, whose sandals I am not fit to take off. That one will baptize you people with holy spirit and with fire.”

Also: Mark 1:8; Luke 3:16. John 1:33, 34.

Acts 1:5, 8 “John, indeed, bap­tized with water, but you will be baptized in holy spirit not many days after this. But you will re­ceive power when the holy spirit arrives upon you, and you will be witnesses of Me both in Jerusa­lem and in all Judea and Sa­maria and to the most distant part of the earth.”

Ephesians 4:4, 5 “One body there is, and one spirit, even as you were called in the one hope to which you were called; one Lord, one faith, one baptism.”

1 Corinthians 12:12, 13 “For just as the body is one thing but has many members, and all the mem­bers of that body, although being many, are one body, so also is the Christ. For truly by one spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink one spirit.”

Anointing. Manifestation to a member of Christ’s body that he has been commissioned to office as a preacher

Isaiah 61:1 “The spirit of the Lord Jehovah is upon me; be­cause Jehovah has anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek.”

Also: Luke 4:18.

Matthew 3:16 “After being bap­tized Jesus immediately came up from the water; and, look! the heavens were opened up, and He saw descending like a dove God’s spirit coming upon Him.”

1 John 2:20 “And you have an anointing from the Holy One; all of you have knowledge.”

Acts 2:17 ” ‘And in the last days,’ God says, ‘I shall pour some of My spirit out upon every kind of flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy.’ “

Acts 10:38 “Namely, Jesus who was from Nazareth, how God anointed Him with holy spirit and power, and He went through the land doing good and healing all those oppressed by the devil, because God was with Him.”

Sealed. A token payment or authoritative guarantee from God that a member of Christ’s body has been called to a heav­enly heritage, with gifts as a foretaste

1 Corinthians 12:1 “Now concerning the spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant.”

2 Corinthians 1:22 “He has also put His seal upon us and has given us the token of what is to come, that is, the spirit in our hearts.”

Ephesians 1:11-14 “In union with whom we were also assigned as heirs, in that we were foreor­dained according to the purpose of Him who operates all things according to the way His will counsels, that we should serve for the praise of His glory, we who have been first to hope in the Christ. But you also hoped in Him after you heard the word of truth, the good news about your salvation. By means of Him also, after you believed, you were sealed with the promised holy spirit, which is a token in ad­vance of our inheritance, for the purpose of releasing by a ran­som God’s own possession, to His glorious praise.”

Ephesians 4:30 “Also do not be griev­ing God’s holy spirit, with which you have been sealed for a day of releasing by ransom.”

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